Do You Have Periodontal Disease?
Do you have periodontal disease? Periodontal disease, also referred to as gum disease, starts with an infection of the gums that can move into the ligaments and bone that support your teeth. Left untreated, your gums and bone can become so damaged, that teeth can fall out or have to be extracted. Led by Dr. Kyle M. Garlitz, Garlitz Dentistry (offices in Columbia and Lexington, SC) offers state-of-the-art treatments for periodontal disease.
About Periodontal Disease
Dental plaque is the primary cause of the disease. However, other factors can contribute to gum disease. These include: poor oral hygiene, certain diseases, hormonal changes, poor nutrition, tobacco use, certain medications, and family history of gum disease. Other factors that can contribute to the severity of gum disease are badly aligned teeth, defective fillings, and grinding or clenching teeth.
Symptoms of Periodontal Disease
The symptoms of gum disease include red, swollen, or tender gums, bleeding while flossing or brushing, receding gums, loose teeth, and painful chewing. People with gum disease may also experience mouth sores, sensitive teeth, pus between the teeth, and persistent bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth. If you have any of these symptoms, you may have gum disease and should consult your dental provider in Columbia, SC.
Preventing Periodontal Disease
The best way to prevent gum disease is to practice good dental hygiene. Flossing and brushing every day, eating a healthy diet and scheduling regular dental are essential to keeping gum disease at bay. Although not a substitute for flossing and brushing, mouth rinses can reduce plaque up to 20 percent. If necessary, your dental provider can design a personalized program of home oral care to meet your needs.
Treatments for Periodontal Disease
If gum disease is diagnosed in the early stage of gingivitis, it can be treated with a professional dental cleaning. Your dentist may also prescribe medication as part of your treatment. If the disease has progressed to periodontitis, your treatment may involve a process called “scaling and root planing” or “deep cleaning,” which involves cleaning and smoothing the teeth roots. Your dentist may also recommend changing certain behaviors, such as quitting smoking, as a way to improve your treatment results.
The Impact of Gum Disease on Health
Many studies strongly suggest a link between periodontal disease and a person's overall health. The bacteria from oral infections can enter the bloodstream or airways and travel to other parts of the body. These bacteria increase the risk of health problems such as stroke, heart disease, and respiratory disorders. Periodontal disease can also make it difficult to control diabetes and may contribute to premature and low birth weight babies.
If you think you may have periodontal disease, call Garlitz Dentistry at (803) 736-8606 right now to schedule a dental appointment in Columbia, SC. Call (803) 399-8068 to schedule an appointment in Lexington, SC. Let us help you feel great about your smile!